aeterni patris summary

sister projects: Wikipedia article, Wikidata item. "Zigliara also helped prepare the great encyclicals Aeterni Patris and Rerum novarum and strongly opposed traditionalism and ontologism in favor of the moderate realism of Aquinas."[4]. Aeterni Patris, carrying the teachings of Vatican I into effect, literally had to be done as a part of the pastoral care of souls. Since it was the work of the Scholastic theologians, according to the Encyclical, to unite divine and human science, their theology could never have succeeded, as it did succeed, if their philosophy had not been a complete system. French Dominicans Pierre Mandonnet (1858–1936), Marie-Dominique Chenu (1895–1990), and Yves Congar (1904–1995) explored the historical background of Thomas Aquinas and its relationship to theology. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Their inventions were in accordance with their own whims, and so, naturally, there arose a great diversity of philosophies, “differing and clashing” even in those matters of human knowledge that are most important. Together with the bull Decet Romanum pontificem of 1622, it formed the canonical basis for papal elections until the 20th century. Reason is characterized as a “steppingstone” to Christian faith, in that philosophy, when used rightly, fortifies the road to faith and prepares the soul for fit reception of revelation. The last way is highlighted in the paragraph for the particular importance it plays in “confirming the dogmas of Catholic faith and confuting heresies.”. Its purpose was the revival of Scholastic philosophy, according to the mind of St. Thomas Aquinas. Write a review. Revelation has the “force of certain truth” so that what is contrary to faith is also contrary to reason. Each was given defense from a canonical piece published in the late 19th century (the 9th Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals and Pope Leo XIII's Aeterni Patris). A comparison is drawn between the way in which the Hebrews took with them Egyptian treasures to offer to the service of God, and the way in which truths discovered by the philosophy of the pagans are to be turned to the use and purposes of revealed doctrine. 17. vom 4. Nihil Obstat. . MacIntyre ultimately conducts a complex series of both interior and exterior critiques of the encyclopaedic and genealogical positions in an attempt to vindicate philosophical Thomism as the most persuasive form of moral inquiry. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Æterni Patris † Catholic Encyclopedia Æterni Patris An encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII (issued 4 August, 1879); not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by … It opens with the consideration that the Church, although officially the teacher of revealed truth only, has always been interested in the cultivation of every branch of human knowledge, especially of philosophy on which the right cultivation of other sciences in great measure depends. Without the supernatural truth of revelation the human mind is subject to error and opinion. Its purpose was the revival of Scholastic philosophy, according to the mind of St. Thomas Aquinas. Æterni Patris. If an article link referred you here, please consider editing it to point directly to the intended page. Aquinas: On reasons for our faith against the Muslims, and a reply to the denial of Purgatory by certain Greeks and Armenians to the cantor of Antioch | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Zigliara, a member of seven Roman congregations including the Congregation for Studies, was a co-founder of the Academia Romano di San Tommaso in 1870. Together, Gilson and Maritain are sometimes called "existential Thomists.". Philosophy is characterized as both a defensive and offensive tool of faith. The fact that revelation assists the philosopher in reasoning correctly does not detract from the dignity of the human intellect because wisdom is gained in recognizing the limits of reason. Its purpose was the revival of Scholastic philosophy, according to the mind of St. Thomas Aquinas. The human mind is limited and needs the truth of revelation to avoid error. Aeterni Patris. Moreover, Philosophy complements theology in that true understanding and knowledge are better and more easily attained by those who join together philosophic studies with the love of faith and integrity of life. 19. Read 11 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. [3] According to the encyclical, the philosophy most conformable and useful for the faith is that of St. Thomas. Showing 1-3 of 3 reviews. Introduction In paragraph 16, the praise of scholastic theology is extended to the philosophy upon which it is based. AETERNI PATRIS (UNIGENITUS) — an encyclical letter proclaimed by Pope Leo XIII, July 4, 1879 (Acta Leonis PapaeR, 1882, I 225-284). “Faith frees and saves reason from error, and endows it with manifold knowledge.” Revelation serves as a lamp for the philosopher’s path toward truth. In doing so, Catholic doctrine was developed and defended against heretics and other adversaries who sought to propose contrary views. Journet along with Maritain founded the journal Nova et Vetera and contributed to sessions at Vatican II. A database of gregorian scores. [3], The Relationship between Philosophy and Faith: How Philosophy Aids Faith. In August , eighteen months into his pontificate, Pope Leo XIII (formerly Joachim Cardinal Pecci, bisho. The encyclical describes how many religious orders mandated the study of his works to their members: the Dominicans, of course, but also the Benedictines, Carmelites, Augustinians, and Jesuits. In particular, scholastic philosophy does not oppose the “advance and development of natural science.” On the contrary, philosophy is in accord with the conclusions of modern physics. AETERNI PATRIS The name of two papal documents of Pius IX and Leo XIII. It lists works that share the same title. AETERNI PATRIS (UNIGENITUS) — an encyclical letter proclaimed by Pope Leo XIII,. Contact information. Between 1879 and 1993, Leo XIII’s encyclical Aeterni Patris addressed the reform problem. This paragraph emphasizes that the revival of scholasticism and, in particular, Thomism for which the encyclical calls is not a recommendation to practice a slavish adherence to outdated doctrines and ideas: “if there is anything that ill agrees with the discoveries of a later age … it does not enter Our mind to propose that for imitation in Our age.” It is crucial, as well, that Aquinas’s own writings be read and studied, rather than derivative works that may already be affected by errors. This, then, is the aim of Aeterni Patris: to promote the kind of philosophy that “shall respond most fitly to the excellence of faith, and at the same time [is] consonant with the dignity of human science.”. Summary: "Aeterni Patris": pages 173-197. The Relationship between Philosophy and Faith: How Faith Aids Philosophy. The Encyclical points out how some have turned away from it, but passes on to show how it can help in the pursuit of metaphysical and social science. Text, image, video. The spirit and thought of Saint Thomas Aquinas advocated by the encyclical has proven a valuable resource for Catholic philosophy and theology in bringing both faith and reason to bear on the problems of modern life. All reviewers. This was done because St. Thomas reached such sound and defensible conclusions. Reviews There are no reviews yet. 13. Reason is characterized as rather autonomous, in that the pagans demonstrated and proved conclusions, using only their natural reason, which supported certain truths regarding faith: the existence of God, his power and divinity, as well as the existence of a natural law. August 1879 stellte der „falschen“ Philosophie, die Ursprung privater wie sozialer Übel sei, die „gesunde“ entgegen, die den Glauben vorbereite, seine Annahme als vernünftig erweise, ihn tiefer erfassen lasse und verteidige. . Don't forget to sign up for TW and other events on the event calendar. Aeterni Patris (English: Of the Eternal Father) was an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII in August 1879, (not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by Pope Pius IX in 1868 calling the First Vatican Council). Pope Leo XIII had recognized the detrimental effects to both society and religion when reason is privileged over faith. This accord is exemplified by the openness of Aquinas and Albertus Magnus, among other scholastics, to giving “large attention to the knowledge of natural things.”. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. In Three Rival Versions of Moral Inquiry (1990) Alasdair MacIntyre examines three major rival traditions of moral inquiry: encyclopaedic, genealogical and traditional. Although philosophy can and has deceived men about important matters, it is also capable of illuminating the other sciences. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01177a.htm. 15. The chief aim of Aeterni Patris was the reintroduction of Thomism into Catholic educational centers for the purpose of bringing faith and reason back into a fruitful dialectic.Pope Leo XIII had recognized the detrimental effects to both society and religion when reason is privileged over faith. In paragraph 18, Thomas is said to have triumphed over previous errors, and supplied those who follow him with the means to defeat other errors that would arise. 28. Pointing to the Church Fathers, the encyclical shows how reason and science were used to call people to faith. The examples of the Apostle Paul’s use of Greek philosophy in Athens (17:16–34[permanent dead link][permanent dead link]) and David’s use of Goliath’s sword (Samuel 17:50–54[permanent dead link]) are given as literal and metaphorical examples of using philosophy in a defensive and offensive manner. The Need for a Thomistic and Scholastic Renaissance. AEterni is a 2nd rebirth lvl 101+ fun loving active family faction. Scores; Participate; Todo; About; Summary of GABC; Login; Please fix; Aeterni Patris Version. Paragraph 25, which acknowledges that, in the face of these dangers, some already have already returned to the superior philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas, is followed by the hortatory and encouraging remarks in paragraph 26. Vol. Gilson founded the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies in Toronto, Ontario. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. The document ends with an invocation of God’s grace and the blessing of the saints, for the important work that is recommended in the encyclical. Pope Leo fears that many philosophers were forsaking the solid philosophical foundation of antiquity and turning toward “a foundation open to change.” And another danger: while Leo affirms the important work of scholarship, he cautions that philosophical pursuits should not be characterized by “mere erudition”; what is required, rather, is an authentic development of learning. Neo-Scholasticism -- Congresses. Die Enzyklika Aeterni patris Papst Leos XIII. The opening paragraph begins with a reference to Christ’s command to His Apostles to set all men free by teaching the truth of the faith to all nations (Matthew 28:19). Aeterni patris. 1. August 1879 stellte der „falschen“ Philosophie, die Ursprung privater wie sozialer Übel sei, die „gesunde“ entgegen, die den Glauben vorbereite, seine Annahme als vernünftig erweise, ihn tiefer erfassen lasse und verteidige. Its purpose was the revival of Scholastic philosophy. The interpretations and effects of the encyclical have been varied, some using it to authorize a return to a strict adherence to St. Thomas, others believing the document urges more a return to the spirit of Thomistic thinking. Format: Kindle Edition Change. Indeed, since the French Revolution, most pontiffs had preferred to condemn the errors in contemporary philosophy, not to recommend explicitly a return to the old. Be the first one to write a review. Jump to navigation Jump to search. “Thomism and the Magisterium: From Aeterni Patris to Veritatis Splendor,”, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 13:38. A great part of the work has already been done, but all will not be completed for some years to come. 31. O'Riordan, M. (1907). Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... An encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII (issued 4 August, 1879); not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by Pope Pius IX. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01177a.htm. These developments and contributions can be seen as a natural consequence of the aim of Aeterni Patris to bring faith and reason together in a fruitful dialectic. Translate Aeterni patris in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items Find a copy in the library. Course.Thomas is further marked for distinction by Pope Leo XI Thus, the philosopher is discouraged from accepting any conclusion that is opposed to revealed doctrine. In an effort to promote Thomistic scholarship, Pope Leo XIII commissioned a critical edition of Aquinas’s works, referred to as the “Leonine” edition. 32.–34. Thomas also distinguished, “as is fitting,” faith from reason, without infringing upon the legitimate rights of either of them and instead strengthening each through the aid of the other. The encyclical goes on in paragraph 27 to urge the teaching of scholastic philosophy and theology, especially to the young seminarians “who are the growing hope of the Church.” Scholastic thought is likened to a strong weapon with which one may best defend the Catholic faith against the assault waged against her by the “machinations and craft of a certain false wisdom.” Scholastic philosophy is presented as second only to the “supernatural help of God,” in its ability to defend the faith. An encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII (issued 4 August, 1879); not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by Pope Pius IX . Aeterni Patris, encyclicals, 55 minutes Addeddate 2009-07-05 04:36:11 Identifier AeterniPatris. The history of philosophy is marked by those who lacked “the gift of faith”—an error that led to doubtful claims about the nature of reality but especially divinity. Die Enzyklika Aeterni patris Papst Leos XIII. The first is the apostolic letter of June 29, 1868, convoking the Vatican Council I; it indicates the office of the pope as guardian of faith and morals, the role of ecumenical councils, and summarizes the then prevailing dangers to faith and morals. [1] It was subtitled "On the Restoration of Christian Philosophy in Catholic Schools in the Spirit (ad mentem) of the Angelic Doctor, St. Thomas Aquinas". 9. The restoring of the teachings of Thomas Aquinas in the universities and the strong foundation this will offer the students will also help society as a whole by offering it a “more peaceful and secure existence,” as well as protecting it from the “plague of perverse opinions.”. Philosophy alone is insufficient to emerge from error or prevent further erroneous conclusions “concerning divine or human things.” The faith of the Christian religion preserves philosophic truth by bringing to men “the grace of the divine wisdom.” Neither reason nor philosophy is destroyed by faith; God, creator of “the light of reason in the human mind,” strengthens man and his reason by faith. This is a disambiguation page. One need only mention Aquinas has been equally esteemed even among critics of the Church, “who openly declared that, if the teaching of Thomas Aquinas were only taken away, they could easily battle with all Catholic teachers.”. The quotation from Sixtus V continues through paragraph 15, and it is here that scholasticism, drawing together and compiling the sacred writings, the work of the “sovereign Pontiffs, the holy Fathers and the councils,” is portrayed as beneficial to the posterity in three ways: for (1) understanding and interpreting Scripture, (2) understanding the Fathers, and (3) combating heresies and errors. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Aeterni Patris (English: Of the Eternal Father) was an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII in August 1879, (not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by Pope Pius IX in 1868 calling the First Vatican Council). The twenty-first paragraph of the encyclical continues the list of testimonials to St. Thomas’s greatness by mentioning some of the popes who have honored, borrowed from, and praised the work of St. Thomas. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. MLA citation. Hymnus; Sources “Whither the Neo-Thomist Revival?”, Pereira, Jose. All stars. Aeterni Patris (English: Of the Eternal Father) was an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII in August 1879, (not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by Pope Pius IX in 1868 calling the First Vatican Council). 22. by His Holiness Pope Leo XIII. Thomists -- Congresses. The sixth paragraph draws attention to the fact that sacred theology requires philosophy in order to be a genuine science: in order to assume the nature, form, and genius of a true science, theology requires the solid foundation of philosophy. Thomism, the theology and philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas (1224/25–1274) and its various interpretations, usages, and invocations by individuals, religious orders, and schools. (DOC) makalah filsafat | andre setiadi - Academia.edu ... amazing In The Catholic Encyclopedia. [3] The superintendence of the leonine edition was entrusted to Zigliara. For works with similar titles, see Aeterni Patris. Sort by . Defensively it protects the revealed truth from distortion; offensively it weakens arguments contrary to revealed truth. 10. This high regard was most especially evident during the Council of Trent, in which his Summa was laid “upon the altar, together with sacred Scripture and the decrees of the supreme Pontiffs.”, 23. March 1, 1907. The aim of the encyclical was to advance the revival of Scholastic philosophy. 29. The errors of philosophy have caused problems in public and private life. Filter by. related portals: Catholic Church Encyclicals. See All Buying Options. Jesuit theologians such as Joseph Maréchal (1878–1944), Karl Rahner (1904–1984), and Bernard J. F. Lonergan (1904–1984) developed a post-Kantian Thomism sometimes called “Transcendental Thomism.” The French theologians Charles Journet (1891–1975), Jacques Maritain (1882–1973), and Étienne Gilson (1884–1978) contributed significantly to Thomistic methodology. 30. The purpose of Leo XIII was the revival of St. Thomas's philosophy and the continuing of his spirit of investigation, but not necessarily the adoption of every argument and opinion to be found in the works of the scholastics. Although Thomism had already enjoyed a half-century revival before 1879 through the writings of scholars such as Carlo Maria Curci (d. 1891), Giovanni Maria Cornoldi (d. 1892), and Tommaso Zigliara (d. 1893), Aeterni Patris heralded a renaissance of Thomism that still reverberates in modern theological and philosophical discourse. "Æterni Patris." He is praised for collecting together all the other arguments of scholastics, and then made valuable additions as well. The following paragraph names Thomas Aquinas as the preeminent example of scholasticism. Translation of Aeterni patris in English. The great and noble fruits gathered from natural reason, as described in the fifth paragraph, include its ability to recognize “that the doctrine of the Gospel has even from its very beginning been made manifest by certain wonderful signs.” The spread, sanctity, and unity of the Church is another sign that reason can recognize. Search. The chief aim of Aeterni Patris was the reintroduction of Thomism into Catholic educational centers for the purpose of bringing faith and reason back into a fruitful dialectic. Both paragraphs use ornamental language in speaking of the “beauty” of the “pure streams” from the “precious fountainhead of the Angelic Doctor.” The language may appeal implicitly to a Thomistic understanding of Beauty as a transcendental quality inseparable from the Good and the Truth. Dominican; Usage. Gilson’s Being and Some Philosophers (1949) and Maritain’s The Degrees of Knowledge (1932) are still widely popular among students of Thomism. In time, the impact accelerated the incipient Thomist renaissance of the nineteenth century into a veritable movement of studies, critical editions and publications mounting "like a mighty crescendo which turned Thomism into a leading philosophy of the day. This latter fact … For the effects of the philosophical apostasy had already fastened upon the academic order of Western colleges and universities, even the Catholic ones, and had even begun to infiltrate into the seminaries which prepare young men for the Catholic priesthood. Hang out with friends and laugh. That accounts for the unrelenting war which has been made against Scholastic philosophy since the Reformation arose. Search for titles containing or beginning with: "Aeterni Patris." Hence, in the Pope's appeal to the bishops of the Christian world to, help in restoring and spreading the "wisdom" (sapientiam) of St. Thomas, he repeats, Sapientiam Sancti Thomae dicimus, because, as he explains, he does not at all ask to have the excessive subtleties of some scholastics revived, nor opinions which later investigations have exploded. Rerum Novarum. Dissertation aquinas priesthood catholic summa doctoral Larger Work. The purpose of Leo XIII was the revival of St. Thomas's philosophy and the continuing of his spirit of investigation, but not necessarily the adoption of every argument and opinion to be found in the works of the scholastics. We love to run all dungeon so if you need help or not don't be surprise if you get kidnapped into a squad. [5] Following the publication of this encyclical Pope Leo XIII created the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas on October 15, 1879, and ordered the publication of the critical edition, the so-called "leonine edition", of the complete works of Aquinas, the doctor angelicus. 107 relations. It also insists that St. Thomas constantly founded his reasons and arguments on experiments; in the course of the centuries which have passed since his time, experiments have, of course, been disclosing facts and secrets of nature; nevertheless the writings of St. Thomas bear witness that the experimental spirit was as strong in him as it is in us. The Relationship between Philosophy and Faith in Historical Perspective. The Encyclical next shows, by extracts from many Fathers of the Church, what reason helped by revelation can do for the progress of human knowledge. The “struggling innovators of the sixteenth century” philosophized without regard for faith. Aeterni Patris (Leo XIII) From Wikisource. 12. Aquinas was also known as Doctor of the Church. The Summa Theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas: Prima Pars QQ I - CIXX | Boer Sr., Paul A., Aquinas, St. Thomas, English Dominican Province, Fathers of the | ISBN: 9781481004947 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. 25. Thomism’s rich history may be divided into four main periods: the first two centuries after his death (the 14th and 15th It was subtitled "On the Restoration of Christian Philosophy in Catholic Schools in the Spirit (ad mentem) of the Angelic Doctor, St. Thomas Aquinas". All formats. Aeterni Patris, an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on Aug. 4, 1879, which strengthened the position of the philosophical system of the medieval Scholastic philosopher-theologian St. Thomas Aquinas and soon made Thomism the dominant philosophical viewpoint in Roman Catholicism. 5. But the truth unfolded by reason cannot contradict the truths revealed by God; hence, although in the pursuit of natural knowledge philosophy may justly use its own method, principles, and arguments, yet not so as to withdraw from the authority of Divine revelation. Zigliara's fame as a scholar at the forefront of the Thomist revival at the time of his rectorship of the College of St. Thomas after 1873 was widespread in Rome and elsewhere. The Church “commands” Christian teachers to enlist the help of philosophy in instructing the faithful but cautions against philosophical arguments that are contrary to revealed truth. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. In combating these adversaries, Catholic apologists even from the early centuries (for example, Justin Martyr) encountered both the power of reason to demonstrate certain attributes of God and the limitation of reason in relationship to revelation. He turns his attention first to St. Augustine, who Leo says “[w]ould seem to have wrested the palm from all.” The genius of Augustine was his ability to combat “most vigorously all the errors of his age,” as well as his ability to lay down the “safe foundations and sure structure of human science.” The paragraph ends with mention of John Damascene, Basil, and Gregory of Nazianzen as carrying the tradition in the East, and Boethius and Anselm in the West, all of whom Pope Leo says “[a]dded largely to the patrimony of philosophy.”. Aeterni Patris. 11. Philosophy and revelation represent two realms of knowledge. Æterni Patris. 27. Besonders geht Leo XIII. The aim of the encyclical was to advance the revival of Scholastic philosophy. We love to play hard and have fun doing it. 24. The nineteenth paragraph begins a discussion of the many ways in which Aquinas’s authority has been recognized through the centuries. 18. Includes bibliographical references and index. Paragraph 14 speaks of the “doctors of the middle ages,” the “Scholastics,” whose contribution to the tradition was their “diligently collecting, and sifting, and storing up, as it were, in one place, for the use and convenience of posterity the rich and fertile harvests of Christian learning scattered abroad in the voluminous works of the holy Fathers.” Pope Leo XIII quotes Pope Sixtus V, who names in particular the “angelic St. Thomas and the seraphic St. Bonaventure” as preeminent doctors whose “surpassing genius” and “unwearied diligence” aided in further advancing the tradition. It opens with the consideration that the Church, although officially the teacher of revealed truth only, has always … Apart from his contributions to theology, Thomas, the encyclical claims, also touched finely upon all points of philosophy. However, Christ, “as the power and wisdom of God,” restores knowledge through his followers, and by their efforts redeems what is true in pagan philosophy. Æterni Patris † Catholic Encyclopedia Æterni Patris An encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII (issued 4 August, 1879); not to be confused with the apostolic letter of the same name written by … Then came the Scholastics of the Middle Ages, who brought together and bound into one harmonious whole, by a system of philosophy, the Christian wisdom of the Fathers. 2. The content of the encyclical was strongly influenced by Tommaso Maria Zigliara professor from 1870 to 1879 at the College of Saint Thomas, the future Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum. 6. But the Pope declares that the actual condition of thought makes it a duty for him to do something for the study of true philosophy; because many present evils are to be ascribed to false philosophy, inasmuch as, since man is naturally led by reason, whither the reason leads the will easily follows. Aeterni Patris has 23 ratings and 7 reviews. The publication of Leo XIII’s encyclical Aeterni Patris, in 1879, and its effects on theology are studied with particular reference to sacramental theology. Imprimatur. Add to Wish List. Scholastic philosophy, with its “sound judgment,” “right method,” and “spirit,” will strengthen and guide all the different disciplines, including the liberal arts and the physical sciences. Leonine edition was entrusted to Zigliara who have advanced the Christian intellectual tradition as an instant download has recognized! A certification in the fourth paragraph, the praise of Scholastic philosophy intended. Contrary to reason unrelenting war which has been recognized through the centuries website as an instant download makalah |. Errors of philosophy to advance the revival of Scholastic philosophy run all dungeon so if you need help or do! Ways in which Aquinas ’ s main points, Learn how and when remove. 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Is characterized as a handmaid to faith in August, eighteen months into his pontificate, Pope Leo....

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